@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 20, Num. 10

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
March 5, 2020 – Vol. 20, Num. 10

CONTENTS:
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES February 27 – March 5, 2020
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Mozart backdoor uses DNS to communicate with attackers
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Details of new Mozart malware family unveiled
Description: A new malware family known as “Mozart” uses DNS to communicate with a command and control seemingly belonging to its creators. It also evades detection by disguising itself and executing specialized JSScript files. Once infected, Mozart can download other types of malware onto the victim machine, including ransomware and cryptocurrency miners. This malware is typically spread through spam campaigns with malicious PDF attachments. If a victim opens the PDF, it displays a message saying that the PDF reader doesn’t support a specific font, and asks the user to download a font, which actually points to a malicious ZIP file.
Reference: https://www.pcrisk.com/removal-guides/17152-mozart-malware
Snort SIDs: 53364 – 53373

Title: Ryuk ransomware strikes across the globe
Description: Several reports surfaced over the past week of the Ryuk ransomware being used in attacks over the course of the past year. Notable recent infections include an attack on a Fortune 500 company that specializes in mechanical and electrical construction, a local library system and police department in Florida and a school district in New Mexico. Ryuk primarily spreads through phishing emails and contains a number of capabilities, including credential theft and the downloading of a cryptocurrency miner.
Reference: https://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/blogs/ryuk-defending-ransomware/
Snort SIDs: 53333, 53334, 53336, 53337

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

A BuzzFeed News investigation found that the controversial Clearview AI facial recognition company is partnering with more than 2,200 government organizations and private companies across the U.S., including the U.S. Justice Department, Immigration and Customs Enforcement and even the NBA.
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/ryanmac/clearview-ai-fbi-ice-global-law-enforcement

An NSA program aimed at scraping metadata from Americans’ phone calls only produced two leads over the course of its four years in existence, despite the program costing $100 million to run.
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/02/costs-spying/607177/

A new variant of the Cerberus trojan for Android devices can steal user’s Google two-factor authentication passcodes to gain access to secured accounts.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/android-malware-can-steal-google-authenticator-2fa-codes/

A widely used Wi-Fi chip is open to an attack that could allow adversaries to break WPA2 Personal and Enterprise protocols.
https://threatpost.com/billions-of-devices-wifi-encryption-hack/153267/

Online prescription provider GoodRx announced it was stopping an information-sharing partnership with Google and Facebook after multiple reports made customers aware of the relationships.
https://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2020/03/03/goodrx-stops-sharing-personal-medical-data-with-google-facebook/

The U.S.’s so-called “Super Tuesday” in the primary elections was shaping up to be the country’s first major test of its cyber security preparedness for this year’s election season.
https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/03/on-super-tuesday-us-voting-technology-will-be-under-intense-scrutiny.html

American officials charged two Chinese nationals with laundering more than $100 million worth of cryptocurrency for a state-sponsored North Korean threat actor.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/legal-issues/two-chinese-nationals-indicted-in-cryptocurrency-laundering-scheme-linked-to-north-korea/2020/03/02/b6a286c2-5c8d-11ea-9055-5fa12981bbbf_story.html

The U.S. Federal Communications Commission outlined a plan to fine wireless carriers up to $200 million for selling customers’ location data.
https://krebsonsecurity.com/2020/02/fcc-proposes-to-fine-wireless-carriers-200m-for-selling-customer-location-data/

MITRE released the newest version of its Common Weakness Enumeration list, adding new categories for security vulnerabilities that could arise in hardware design.
https://www.helpnetsecurity.com/2020/02/27/hardware-security-weaknesses/

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES February 27 – March 5, 2020
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: c0cdd2a671195915d9ffb5c9533337db935e0cc2f4d7563864ea75c21ead3f94
MD5: 7c38a43d2ed9af80932749f6e80fea6f
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: wup.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.Coinminer::1201

SHA 256: 1460fd00cb6addf9806a341fee9c5ab0a793762d1d97dca05fa17467c8705af7
MD5: 88cbadec77cf90357f46a3629b6737e6
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: FlashHelperServices.exe
Claimed Product: Flash Helper Services
Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.2144flashplayer::tpd

SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5
MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: eternalblue-2.2.0.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.85B936960F.5A5226262.auto.Talos

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f.bin
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b
MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: mf2016341595.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.22fz.1201

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 20, Num. 09

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
February 27, 2020 – Vol. 20, Num. 09

CONTENTS:
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES February 20 – 27, 2020
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: New remote access tool shows connections to other RAT families
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: ObliqueRAT spreads via malicious documents
Description: Cisco Talos has observed a malware campaign that utilizes malicious Microsoft Office documents (maldocs) to spread a remote access trojan (RAT) we’re calling “ObliqueRAT.” These maldocs use malicious macros to deliver the second-stage RAT payload. Network-based detection, although important, should be combined with endpoint protections to combat this threat and provide multiple layers of security. According to Talos researchers, ObliqueRAT has connections to the adversaries behind the CrimsonRAT discovered last year.
Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2020/02/obliquerat-hits-victims-via-maldocs.html
Snort SIDs: 53152 – 53163

Title: Multiple vulnerabilities in Cisco Data Center Network Manager
Description: Cisco Data Center Network Manager contains a privilege escalation vulnerability and a cross-site request forgery vulnerability. Cisco disclosed the high-severity vulnerabilities late last week. In the case of the privilege escalation vulnerability, an attacker could exploit the Network Manager in a way that would allow them to interact with the API with administrator-level privileges. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to interact with the API with administrative privileges.
Reference:
https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20200219-dcnm-priv-esc
https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20200219-dcnm-csrf
Snort SIDs: Snort Rule 53171 – 53176

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

The KidsGuard surveillance app exfiltrated data from targeted devices to an unprotected cloud storage bucket.
https://techcrunch.com/2020/02/20/kidsguard-spyware-app-phones/

A vulnerability in Bluetooth software development kits leaves numerous medical devices and other internet-of-things devices open to attacks. https://www.wired.com/story/bluetooth-flaws-ble-internet-of-things-pacemakers/

Mexico’s economy ministry said it detected a cyber attack on its network over the weekend.
https://in.reuters.com/article/mexico-economy-cyberattack/mexicos-economy-ministry-hit-by-cyber-attack-idINKCN20J0FQ

American and British government agencies teamed up to formally blame Russia for a massive cyber attack on the country of Georgia last year; the attacks targeted web hosting providers, broadcasters, and numerous government, NGO, and business websites.
https://www.cnn.com/2020/02/20/politics/russia-georgia-hacking/index.html

Dell sold its RSA security business, including the popular RSA conference, to a private equity firm for $2 billion.
https://rcpmag.com/articles/2020/02/21/consortium-buys-rsa-from-dell.aspx?m=1

This year’s RSA Conference kicked off earlier this week. Here is a roundup of some of the major announcements made thus far.
https://www.csoonline.com/article/3527306/hottest-new-cybersecurity-products-at-rsa-conference-2020.html

French sporting goods chain Decathlon leaked the information of more than 123 million customers and employees on an unsecured Elasticsearch server.
https://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/news/sports-giant-decathlon-leaks-123/

Google released the latest version of its Chrome web browser, starting a rollback of third-party cookies. Chrome 80 also includes a new capability called ScrollToTextFragment, which security researchers worry could be exploited to expose sensitive information.
https://www.adweek.com/digital/new-deep-linking-feature-in-google-chrome-80-sparks-privacy-concerns/

The adversaries behind the DoppelPaymer ransomware launched a new site that they say will be used to publish the information and stolen data of victims who do not pay the requested extortion payment.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/doppelpaymer-ransomware-launches-site-to-post-victims-data/

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES February 20 – 27, 2020
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3
MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: qmreportupload.exe
Claimed Product: qmreportupload
Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos

SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5
MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: eternalblue-2.2.0.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.85B936960F.5A5226262.auto.Talos

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f.bin
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

SHA 256: 1460fd00cb6addf9806a341fee9c5ab0a793762d1d97dca05fa17467c8705af7
MD5: 88cbadec77cf90357f46a3629b6737e6
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: FlashHelperServices.exe
Claimed Product: Flash Helper Services
Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.2144flashplayer::tpd

SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b
MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: mf2016341595.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.22fz.1201

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 20, Num. 08

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
February 20, 2020 – Vol. 20, Num. 08

CONTENTS:
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES February 13 – 20, 2020
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Snake ransomware zeroes in on industrial industries
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Snake/Ekans malware adds new functionality to go after ICS
Description: The Snake ransomware (otherwise known as “Ekans”) has added new capabilities aimed at going after industrial industries. Ekans first emerged in December, but now has a relationship with the MEGACORTEX ransomware that could allow it to spread quickly on ICS systems and even force some services to revert to manual operations. The malware’s code now includes direct references to HMI processes and historian clients that are commonly linked to ICS.
Reference: https://dragos.com/blog/industry-news/ekans-ransomware-and-ics-operations/
Snort SIDs: 53106, 53107

Title: Carrotbat malware, Syscon backdoor team up to target federal government
Description: An American federal agency was targeted in late January with a series of phishing emails utilizing a variant of the Carrotbat malware and the Syscon backdoor. Attackers used six unique email attachments in the campaign, all relating to the ongoing strained relationship between the U.S. and North Korea. Security researchers say these attackers are still active, despite the majority of their activity taking places over the summer.
Reference: https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/the-fractured-statue-campaign-u-s-government-targeted-in-spear-phishing-attacks/
Snort SIDs: 53129 – 53145

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

A vulnerability in a mobile app used by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu exposed the data of all 6.5 million voters in the country.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/10/world/middleeast/israeli-voters-leak.html

Several federal agencies teamed up last week to expose a massive hacking campaign by a state-sponsored North Korean actor.
https://www.cyberscoop.com/hidden-cobra-malware-north-korea-fbi-dhs-dod-virus-total/

Republicans in the Senate blocked three bills related to election security from being introduced to the full chamber.
https://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/senate-gop-rejects-election-security-measures-yes-again-n1135221

Local government agencies in England had to resort to pen-and-paper operations after a ransomware attack.
https://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2020/02/18/council-returns-to-using-pen-and-paper-after-cyberattack/

U.S. officials continue to trade barbs with Chinese tech company Huawei, as American leadership teased that it would end intelligence-sharing relationships with any countries that use Huawei’s 5G technology.
https://www.cnbc.com/2020/02/17/china-accuses-us-of-hypocrisy-over-huawei-says-it-spied-on-merkel.html

A popular WordPress plugin contains a vulnerability that could allow attackers to completely wipe more than 200,000 websites.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/bug-in-wordpress-plugin-can-let-hackers-wipe-up-to-200000-sites/

Security researchers are warning of a new espionage campaign by Iranian state-sponsored actors that’s targeted global companies.
https://www.clearskysec.com/fox-kitten/

Amazon’s Ring security service is considering changing its privacy settings after several negative stories around the company have emerged, as well as talks that Ring may share data with Facebook.
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/ring-facebook-google-personal-information-privacy-settings-change/

An unsigned piece of malware is targeting Linux system to eventually move onto WiFi adapters, USB hubs and laptop cameras.
https://eclypsium.com/2020/2/18/unsigned-peripheral-firmware/

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES February 13 – 20, 2020
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 1460fd00cb6addf9806a341fee9c5ab0a793762d1d97dca05fa17467c8705af7
MD5: 88cbadec77cf90357f46a3629b6737e6
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: FlashHelperServices.exe
Claimed Product: Flash Helper Services
Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.2144flashplayer::tpd

SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5
MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: eternalblue-2.2.0.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.85B936960F.5A5226262.auto.Talos

SHA 256: 97d8ea6cee63296eaf0fa5d97a14898d7cec6fa49fee1bf77c015ca7117a2ba7
MD5: be52a2a3074a014b163096055df127a0
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: xme64-553.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Coinminer::tpd

SHA 256: 9e9d85d9e29d6a39f58f4db3617526b92a5200225d41d0ab679a90c0167321b4
MD5: d45699f36a79b9d4ef91f5db1980d27b
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: profile-6.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: Win.Dropper.Zbot::222561.in02

SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b
MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: mf2016341595.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.22fz.1201