@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 19, Num. 49

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
December 5, 2019 – Vol. 19, Num. 49

CONTENTS:
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES November 28 – December 5, 2019
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: SQL injection vulnerabilities in Forma Learning Management System
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Forma LMS open-source program open to SQL injection attacks
Description: There are three SQL injection vulnerabilities in the authenticated portion of the Forma Learning Management System. LMS is a set of software that allows companies to build and host different training courses for their employees. The software operates with an open-source licensing model and now operates under the Forma organization. An attacker can send a web request with parameters containing SQL injection attacks to trigger these bugs.
Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/12/vulnerability-spotlight-sql-injection-dec-19.html
Snort SIDs: 51611 – 51619 (By Marcos Rodriguez)

Title: Accusoft ImageGear PNG IHDR width code execution vulnerability
Description: Accusoft ImageGear contains two remote code execution vulnerabilities. ImageGear is a document and imaging library from Accusoft that developers can use to build their applications. The library contains the entire document imaging lifecycle. This vulnerability is present in the Accusoft ImageGear library, which is a document-imaging developer toolkit.
Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/12/vulnerability-spotlight-accusoft-PNG-dec-19.html
Snort SIDs: 3132, 32889, 50806, 50807, 51530, 51531, 52033, 52034 (By Kristen Houser and Mike Bautista)

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

French officials say they are still considering a response to a cyber attack on a public hospital, including a possible “hack back.”
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-11-28/france-not-ruling-out-response-to-cyber-attack-on-hospital

RCS, which is meant to be a replacement for SMS messages, is open to a series of attacks, including text message and call interception, and number spoofing.
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/j5ywxb/rcs-rich-communications-services-text-call-interception

A popular website among hackers that sold spying tools was taken down after an international investigation. The British government says the site sold these tools to more than 14,500 people.
https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-50601905

A Canadian court is allowing convicted criminals to challenge their sentences if they were apprehended using a controversial cell phone tracking tool used by police.
https://nationalpost.com/news/canada/alberta-judge-allows-defence-lawyers-to-shine-a-light-on-police-use-of-stingray-technology

Popular spyware company Hacking Team is making a comeback under new ownership, with the aim of ensuring their tools aren’t being abused.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/614767/the-fall-and-rise-of-a-spyware-empire/

Louisiana is still recovering from a ransomware attack, with delays coming to the state’s Medicaid program and workers scrambling to recover lost data.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/11/hackers-paradise-louisianas-ransomware-disaster-far-from-over/

Hackers used credential-stuffing attacks immediately after the launch of the Disney+ streaming service to take over users’ accounts, but Disney still maintains there was not a data breach.
https://www.cpomagazine.com/cyber-security/new-disney-plus-streaming-service-hit-by-credential-stuffing-cyber-attack/

A cyber security activist hopes a new lawsuit will make public a list of electric companies that have failed to meet security standards in the past and have paid fines for their lack of protections.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/paloma/the-cybersecurity-202/2019/12/03/the-cybersecurity-202-activist-wants-court-to-name-and-shame-electric-utilities-for-violating-cybersecurity-rules/5de550bf88e0fa652bbbdb18/

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES November 28 – December 5, 2019
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: f917be677daab5ee91dd3e9ec3f8fd027a58371524f46dd314a13aefc78b2ddc
MD5: c5608e40f6f47ad84e2985804957c342
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: FlashHelperServices.exe
Claimed Product: Flash Helper Service
Detection Name: PUA:2144FlashPlayer-tpd

SHA 256: a97e5396d7dcd103138747ad09486671321fb75e01a70b26c908e7e0b727fad1
MD5: ef048c07855b3ef98bd991c413bc73b1
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: xme64-501.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: PUA.Win.Dropper.Razy::tpd

SHA 256: 49b9736191fdb2eb62b48e8a093418a2947e8d288f39b98d65a903c2ae6eb8f5
MD5: df432f05996cdd0973b3ceb48992c5ce
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: xme32-501-gcc.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.49B9736191-100.SBX.TG

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f.bin
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

SHA 256: 8c0b271744bf654ea3538c6b92aa7bb9819de3722640796234e243efc077e2b6
MD5: f7145b132e23e3a55d2269a008395034
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: 8c0b271744bf654ea3538c6b92aa7bb9819de3722640796234e243efc077e2b6.bin
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: Unix.Exploit.Lotoor::other.talos

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 19, Num. 48

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
November 28, 2019 – Vol. 19, Num. 48
=========================================================
CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES November 21 – 28, 2019
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Old Apache Solr vulnerability raises eyebrows with new POC
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Severity of Apache Solr vulnerability rises after new code emerges
Description: A months-old vulnerability in Apache Solr was recently reclassified as being more serious than initially thought. It was initially believed that this bug would only allow an adversary to access monitoring data on any site utilizing Solr. However, new proof-of-concept code shows it could allow an attacker to remotely execute code on a Solr server. This bug could be exploited by any adversary who has network access to a Solr server and Java Management Extensions. Windows users are reportedly not affected.
Reference: https://securityintelligence.com/news/exploit-code-escalates-apache-solr-vulnerability-to-high-risk-status/
Snort SIDs: 52324, 52325 (By John Levy)

Title: Command injection bug in popular, affordable wireless router
Description: Cisco Talos recently discovered a command injection vulnerability in the Tenda AC9 router. The Tenda AC9 is one of the most popular and affordable dual-band gigabit WiFi routers available online, especially on Amazon. A command injection vulnerability exists in the `/goform/WanParameterSetting` resource. A locally authenticated attacker can execute arbitrary commands to post parameters to execute commands on the router. The attacker can get reverse shell running as root using this command injection.
Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/11/vulnerability-spotlight-tenda-ac9-command-nov-2019.html
Snort SIDs: 50295, 50296 (By Amit Raut)

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

The lights used to help guide airplanes to the runway at airports were exposed to the open internet at several airports across the U.S.
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/7x5nkg/airplane-warning-lights-hacked

American security experts are starting to worry about a new wave of state-sponsored adversaries from countries like Vietnam and Qatar, a pivot from the usual cyber powers like Russia and China.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/paloma/the-cybersecurity-202/2019/11/26/the-cybersecurity-202-u-s-officials-fret-about-hacking-by-a-new-generation-of-nations/5ddc808588e0fa652bbbda37/

The FBI sent a warning to auto manufacturers, warning that adversaries are targeting sensitive data.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/fbi-warns-of-cyber-attacks-targeting-us-automotive-industry/

Jeanette Manfra, one of the longest-tenured officials in U.S. cyber policy, is leaving the public sector for a private job, leaving a massive hole at the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency.
https://techcrunch.com/2019/11/21/jeanette-manfra/

Manfra’s departure is just the latest loss for cyber security leadership in Washington. An exodus of election officials have experts worried about the security of the 2020 elections.
https://www.npr.org/2019/11/26/782680291/as-2020-approaches-some-experienced-election-officials-head-to-the-exits

California’s Department of Motor Vehicles makes roughly $50 million a year selling citizens’ drivers license and personal information.
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/evjekz/the-california-dmv-is-making-dollar50m-a-year-selling-drivers-personal-information

Adversaries are hijacking Docker systems that still have their API endpoints exposed to the internet.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/a-hacking-group-is-hijacking-docker-systems-with-exposed-api-endpoints/

Twitter added new two-factor authentication features, allowing users to register for the extra security step without having to provide their phone number to the social media site.
https://www.theverge.com/2019/11/22/20977436/twitter-2fa-phone-number-authentication-app-security-key

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES November 21 – 28, 2019
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: f917be677daab5ee91dd3e9ec3f8fd027a58371524f46dd314a13aefc78b2ddc
MD5: c5608e40f6f47ad84e2985804957c342
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: FlashHelperServices.exe
Claimed Product: Flash Helper Service
Detection Name: PUA:2144FlashPlayer-tpd

SHA 256: a97e5396d7dcd103138747ad09486671321fb75e01a70b26c908e7e0b727fad1
MD5: ef048c07855b3ef98bd991c413bc73b1
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: xme64-501.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: PUA.Win.Dropper.Razy::tpd

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f.bin
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

SHA 256: c29da492e7e7decebff09ee531f01fc3c3de45e805947093ac0aa7c113b592dc
MD5: b77c0c1ed4cff895bf862cf46b601c84
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: opCS.gif
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.C29DA492E7-100.SBX.TG

SHA 256: 4dac88a67bc3f755c0ef3ceea5515a3e3310820978ef249d1813c9982dc6aadf
MD5: 718d579ea6ea48f95225cc9c794f9703
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: opext.gif
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.4DAC88A67B-100.SBX.TG

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 19, Num. 47

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
November 21, 2019 – Vol. 19, Num. 47
=========================================================
CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES November 14 – 21, 2019
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Attackers user custom droppers to install Agent Tesla
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: New, custom dropper delivers variety of information-stealing malware
Description: A wave of adversaries which are dropping well-known information-stealer like Agent Tesla, Loki-bot and others since at least January 2019 using custom droppers. These droppers inject the final malware into common processes on the victim machine. Once infected, the malware can steal information from many popular pieces of software, including the Google Chrome, Safari and Firefox web browsers. The injection techniques are well-known and have been used for many years, but with the adversaries customizing them, traditional anti-virus systems are having a hard time detecting the embedded malware.
Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/11/custom-dropper-hide-and-seek.html
Snort SIDs: 52246

Title: Denial-of-service vulnerability in some Intel graphics drivers
Description: Intel’s IGC64.dll graphics driver contains a denial-of-service vulnerability. An attacker could exploit this bug by supplying a malformed pixel shader if the graphics driver is operating inside a VMware guest operating system. This type of attack can be triggered from VMware guest usermode to cause a denial-of-service attack due to an out-of-bounds read in the driver.
Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/11/vuln-spotlight-intel-DLL-driver-DoS-Nov-2019.html
Snort SIDs: 50295, 50296

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

An on-demand transcription service is under fire for letting all of its freelance contractors access a database where all the recordings are held.
https://onezero.medium.com/rev-a-transcription-service-used-by-police-and-journalists-leaves-customer-data-out-in-the-open-81fff9f16669

The U.S. Department of Justice charged two men with stealing SIM cards as part of a scheme to steal thousands of dollars’ worth of cryptocurrency.
https://www.cyberscoop.com/alleged-sim-swappers-charged-550000-cryptocurrency-scam/

The new checkra1n iOS jailbreak is now out in the wild, leaving a number of privacy and security questions up for debate among researchers and users.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/11/what-the-newly-released-checkra1n-jailbreak-means-for-for-idevice-security/

US Democratic presidential candidate Amy Klobuchar urged voting machine vendors to not dismiss amateur security researchers and create a fixed timeline to patch known bugs.
https://www.cyberscoop.com/klobuchar-voting-vendors-election-security/

Google and Samsung recently patched a vulnerability in some photo apps that could allow an attacker to take over a device’s camera, but other Android makers’ devices are still at risk.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/11/google-samsung-fix-android-spying-flaw-other-makers-may-still-be-vulnerable/

Ten companies formed a new coalition against stalkerware, launching a website to help victims and vowing to stop of the spread of this type of software.
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ywa7xv/coalition-against-stalkware-launches-eff-kaspersky

Andrew Yang, a US Democratic presidential candidate, released his proposal for what amounts to a “digital bill of rights” that includes taxing digital ads and launching a new federal agency to regulate social networks’ algorithms.
https://www.theverge.com/2019/11/14/20964834/andrew-yang-digital-ads-tax-elizabeth-warren-antitrust-tech-facebook-google

Louisiana’s state government was hit with a ransomware attack this week, bringing down an internal network and disrupting some public websites. However, the state says it is not paying out the ransom.
https://www.theadvocate.com/baton_rouge/news/politics/article_f1fe1cdc-0a2f-11ea-a0ac-dfef52b2b2af.html

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES November 14 – 21, 2019
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 7acf71afa895df5358b0ede2d71128634bfbbc0e2d9deccff5c5eaa25e6f5510
MD5: 4a50780ddb3db16ebab57b0ca42da0fb
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: xme64-2141.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.7ACF71AFA8-95.SBX.TG

SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3
MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: qmreportupload
Claimed Product: qmreportupload
Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos

SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5
MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: Eternalblue-2.2.0.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.WNCryLdrA:Trojan.22k2.1201

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f.bin
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

SHA 256: f917be677daab5ee91dd3e9ec3f8fd027a58371524f46dd314a13aefc78b2ddc
MD5: c5608e40f6f47ad84e2985804957c342
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: FlashHelperServices.exe
Claimed Product: Flash Helper Service
Detection Name: PUA:2144FlashPlayer-tpd