@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 20, Num. 07

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
February 13, 2020 – Vol. 20, Num. 07

CONTENTS:
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES February 6 – 13, 2020
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Microsoft patches 98 vulnerabilities in monthly security update
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: 12 critical vulnerabilities fixed in latest Microsoft Patch Tuesday
Description: Microsoft released its monthly security update today, disclosing vulnerabilities across many of its products and releasing corresponding updates. This month’s Patch Tuesday covers 98 vulnerabilities, 12 of which are considered critical and 84 that are considered important. There are also two bugs that were not assigned a severity. This month’s patches include updates to the Windows kernel, the Windows scripting engine and Remote Desktop Protocol, among other software and features. Microsoft also provided a critical advisory covering updates to Adobe Flash Player.
Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2020/02/microsoft-patch-tuesday-feb-2020.html
Snort SIDs: 48701, 48702, 53050 – 53056, 53061, 53072, 53073, 53079 – 53089

Title: Adobe release updates for Reader, Flash Player and more
Description: Adobe disclosed 42 new vulnerabilities this week as part of its monthly security update, 35 of which are considered critical. These updates include Acrobat Reader, Flash Player and other Adobe products. Most notable are two bugs in Flash Player and Adobe Framemaker that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code on the victim machine.
Reference: https://threatpost.com/adobe-security-update-critical-flash-framemaker-flaws/152782/
Snort SIDs: 52331, 52332

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

The U.S. formally charged four members of the Chinese military for stealing millions of Americans’ personal information during a hack on credit reporting agency Equifax, one of the largest data breaches in history.
https://apnews.com/05aa58325be0a85d44c637bd891e668f

Chinese officials immediately refuted the charges and denied any involvement in the attack.
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/china-denies-responsibility-in-equifax-breach-after-doj-charges-four-military-members/

Government officials and security researchers are still unpacking the failures of an election results-reporting app used during the Iowa caucus. A delay in results is likely the result of many factors, including understaffing and flaws in the app.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2020/02/the-iowa-caucuses-were-a-comedy-of-tech-errors-and-poor-planning/

It also appears members of an online forum may have attempted to disrupt the app with a distributed denial-of-service attack, clogging a phone line used to report results.
https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/security/clog-lines-iowa-caucus-hotline-posted-online-encouragement-disrupt-results-n1131521

A new report from the U.S. Government Accountability Office states that America’s cyber security agency is not equipped to properly handle the threats posed to the upcoming presidential election.
https://www.cnn.com/2020/02/06/politics/election-security-department-of-homeland-security/index.html

Corp.com, a domain said to have access to a large number of passwords, email and other proprietary data belonging to major organizations around the globe, is up for sale.
https://krebsonsecurity.com/2020/02/dangerous-domain-corp-com-goes-up-for-sale/

India is close to implementing a new set of cyber security regulations, which could have wide-ranging consequences for future policies in other countries.
https://www.wired.com/story/opinion-indias-data-protection-bill-threatens-global-cybersecurity/

A cyber attack shut down roughly 25 percent of Iran’s internet access last week for an hour, though the country touted how quickly it fended off the attack.
https://netblocks.org/reports/internet-shutdown-in-iran-following-reported-cyber-attack-18lJVDBa

Cisco patched five critical vulnerabilities in is Discovery Protocol that could allow attackers to remotely execute code or cause denial-of-service conditions on thousands of devices.
https://www.scmagazine.com/home/security-news/vulnerabilities/five-high-level-flaws-patched-in-cisco-discovery-protocol/

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES February 6 – 13, 2020
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 1460fd00cb6addf9806a341fee9c5ab0a793762d1d97dca05fa17467c8705af7
MD5: 88cbadec77cf90357f46a3629b6737e6
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: FlashHelperServices.exe
Claimed Product: Flash Helper Services
Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.2144flashplayer::tpd

SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5
MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: eternalblue-2.2.0.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.85B936960F.5A5226262.auto.Talos

SHA 256: 97d8ea6cee63296eaf0fa5d97a14898d7cec6fa49fee1bf77c015ca7117a2ba7
MD5: be52a2a3074a014b163096055df127a0
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: xme64-553.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Coinminer::tpd

SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b
MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: mf2016341595.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.22fz.1201

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

Latest news from Naked Security (2020/02/12)

Mozilla issues final warning to websites using TLS 1.0

From March, the Firefox, Chrome, Safari and Edge browsers will show warnings when users visit websites that only support TLS versions 1.0 or 1.1.

US charges four Chinese military members with Equifax hack

The indictment suggests the hack was part of a series of major data thefts organized by Chinese military and intelligence agencies.

Data about inmates and jail staff spilled by leaky prison app

A web-mapping project came across detainees’ prescriptions and other PII that could be used by identity thieves to victimize prisoners.

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 20, Num. 06

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
February 6, 2020 – Vol. 20, Num. 06

CONTENTS:
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 30 – February 6, 2020
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: NetWire variants used in fake business spam campaign
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: NetWire RAT reappears with financial motivations
Description: Security researchers recently discovered a new variant of the NetWire remote access trojan being spread via fake business emails. Attackers are sending supposed invoices from legitimate-looking emails that download the RAT. Once infected, NetWire carries out a series of malicious actions that all appear aimed at stealing users’ financial information and logins. NetWire first emerged in 2012, and has since gone through various iterations across multiple adversaries.
Reference: https://securityintelligence.com/posts/new-netwire-rat-campaigns-use-img-attachments-to-deliver-malware-targeting-enterprise-users/
Snort SIDs: 53026 – 53030

Title: Cisco small business switches open to denial of service attacks
Description: Cisco disclosed two high-severity vulnerabilities in some of its small business switches. An attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities to carry out denial-of-service attacks or obtain sensitive information. The Series Smart Switches, Series Managed Switches and Series Stackable Managed Switches are all vulnerable, though a patch is now available. Cisco said in its vulnerability advisory that it was unaware of active exploitation of any of these vulnerabilities.
Reference: https://threatpost.com/cisco-patches-high-severity-bugs-in-switch-lineup/152392/
Snort SIDs: 52993 – 52998

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Attackers took over the personal profile of a large data provider’s employee, eventually gaining access to the company’s account and spending others’ money on fake advertisements.
https://www.cnet.com/news/hackers-infiltrated-a-big-facebook-data-partner-to-launch-scams/

A defense contractor with ties to the Pentagon was hit with a ransomware attack, though few details were available as of Tuesday. Electronic Warfare Associates says it is working with law enforcement agencies.
https://www.cyberscoop.com/ryuk-ransomware-ewa-dod-contractor/

Although Microsoft Office 365 does not use customers’ information to make money, journalists hoping to keep their information secure may want to avoid using the service, according to a new report.
https://freedom.press/training/blog/newsrooms-lets-talk-about-office365/

A new report suggests security company Ring’s Android app shares private information with Facebook and three marketing agencies.
https://www.latimes.com/business/technology/story/2020-01-29/ring-app-shares-personal-data-eff-finds

Sprint mistakenly exposed its private support community to the web, showing customer names, some location information and device ID numbers.
https://krebsonsecurity.com/2020/01/sprint-exposed-customer-support-site-to-web/

New reports indicate Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos’ leaked text messages may have come from his girlfriend, and not the result of potential hacking from Saudi Arabia and The National Enquirer, as suggested by Bezos in the past.
https://www.engadget.com/2020/01/25/jeff-bezos-leaked-text-messages-origin/

The results of Iowa’s much anticipated presidential primary election were delayed due to reporting errors with the state’s mobile reporting software, among other problems.
https://www.theverge.com/2020/2/4/21122337/iowa-caucus-app-bug-results-reporting-crash-election-tech-democrats

The Department of Defense is adding new cyber security requirements for contractors applying to RFPs, slated to go into effect in 2026.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/dod-to-require-cybersecurity-certification-from-defense-contractors/

BlackBerry officially ended its production of hardware this week, further transitioning the company into the cyber security space after its acquisition of Cylance last year.
https://www.information-age.com/blackberrys-transition-cyber-security-company-focus-trust-123486853/

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 30 – February 6, 2020
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3
MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: qmreportupload.exe
Claimed Product: qmreportupload
Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos

SHA 256: c0cdd2a671195915d9ffb5c9533337db935e0cc2f4d7563864ea75c21ead3f94
MD5: 7c38a43d2ed9af80932749f6e80fea6f
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: xme64-520.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.Coinminer::1201

SHA 256: 1460fd00cb6addf9806a341fee9c5ab0a793762d1d97dca05fa17467c8705af7
MD5: 88cbadec77cf90357f46a3629b6737e6
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: FlashHelperServices.exe
Claimed Product: Flash Helper Services
Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.2144flashplayer::tpd

SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5
MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: eternalblue-2.2.0.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.85B936960F.5A5226262.auto.Talos

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201