@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 19, Num. 04

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
January 24, 2019 – Vol. 19, Num. 04
=========================================================
CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 17 – 24, 2019
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Malicious actor delivering new backdoor, trojan variants
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: APT launches new attacks with FlawedGrace, ServHelper variants
Description: TA505, a well-known attacker who has a history launching ransomware campaigns, is using new variants of the ServHelper backdoor and FlawedGrace remote access tool. These appear to be long-term investments by the actor that they have been distributing since November 2018.
Reference: https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/servhelper-and-flawedgrace-new-malware-introduced-ta505
Snort SIDs: 48879 – 48887

Title: BITTER RAT resurfaces in Microsoft-focused attack
Description: A new variant of the BITTER remote access tool is in the wild once again. Attackers are trying to exploit CVE-2017-11882, a vulnerability in Microsoft Office, to download the malware. Victims receive malicious, specially crafted Word documents that execute HTTP GET requests to download special executable files.
Reference: https://community.rsa.com/community/products/netwitness/blog/2018/01/10/malspam-delivers-bitter-rat-07-01-2018
Snort SIDs: 48873 – 48878

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

France fined Google roughly $57 million for privacy violations, the largest fine handed out yet under GDPR laws.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/france-fines-google-nearly-57-million-for-first-major-violation-of-new-european-privacy-regime/2019/01/21/89e7ee08-1d8f-11e9-a759-2b8541bbbe20_story.html

Several consumer protection websites are down due to the government shutdown, including the do-not-call list and the Federal Trade Commission’s site where users can report identity fraud.
https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/13/18178594/fcc-ftc-robocall-complaints-websites-government-shutdown

A new report from the Pentagon’s Inspector General found 266 open security vulnerabilities in American military equipment and systems.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/7xy5ky/the-american-military-sucks-at-cybersecurity

Security researchers discovered malicious Android apps that pose as navigation apps, but only display ads over top of the legitimate Google Maps app.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/some-android-gps-apps-are-just-showing-ads-on-top-of-google-maps/

Twitter patched a bug that made some private users’ protected tweets publicly available.
https://techcrunch.com/2019/01/17/twitter-bug-revealed-some-android-users-private-tweets/

A federal judge declared that U.S. law enforcement officers cannot force users to unlock their phones using facial or fingerprint recognition technology.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2019/01/14/feds-cant-force-you-to-unlock-your-iphone-with-finger-or-face-judge-rules/#278518b542b7

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 17 – 24, 2019
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: f54459dbcda4aae7f983f25a5917a1dbf932fe761b9b18396f1d7568e2e24d84
MD5: 21a9440e6b5ecec1472da9c3dedab4ab
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: 3dfx32v2.dll
Claimed Product: Voodoo2® DirectX for Windows® 95
Detection Name: Auto.F54459DBCD.Sbmt.tht.Talos

SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3
MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: qmreportupload.exe
Claimed Product: qmreportupload
Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos

SHA 256: 6d36f92ee3f1a7be56e00118cebf62fc4f3f127e307f5a4e7f008793ca549671
MD5: b23f736c46d9fa238b02c9eb0cea37cf
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: CONFIGURETGN.EXE
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Auto:6d36f9.in03.Talos

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: Tempmf582901854.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b
MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc.vir
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.21ij.1201

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 19, Num. 03

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
January 17, 2019 – Vol. 19, Num. 03
=========================================================
CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 10 – 17, 2019
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: WindTail bypasses traditional antivirus software
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: WindTail APT able to bypass traditional antivirus protections
Description: Malware from the MindTail APT is able to bypass some traditional antivirus protections, such as Apple’s default gatekeeper settings on Mac. Rather than deliver specific malware, WindTail generally tries to track its victims, including their location, online habits and other traits.
Reference: https://www.sentinelone.com/blog/how-malware-bypass-macos-gatekeeper/
Snort SIDs: 48845 – 48847

Title: L0rdix cryptocurrency miner available for purchase on darknet
Description: A new cryptocurrency miner known as “L0rdix” has surfaced on the darknet. It’s available on some forums for as little as $60, and attackers are deploying it to mine cryptocurrency on victims’ machines, as well as steal personal data. L0rdix is specifically designed to target Windows machines.
Reference: https://www.coindais.com/l0rdix-malware-steals-data-and-mines-cryptocurrency-on-windows-operating-system/
Snort SIDs: 48857, 4885

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

The federal government shutdown has led to multiple federal government websites’ security certificates lapsing, which poses a security risk.
https://www.cnet.com/news/shutdown-government-sites-with-lapsed-security-certificates-pose-risk/

Poland is pushing NATO to jointly denounce the use of Chinese tech company’s Huawei’s products, citing security concerns.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-01-12/poland-says-nato-europe-should-have-common-stance-on-huawei

Security researchers have found ways attackers could take over construction cranes as well as other large pieces of construction equipment.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2019/01/15/exclusive-watch-hackers-take-control-of-giant-construction-cranes/#b0171e91d0a5

Popular cybersecurity conference DerbyCon says it is shutting down after this year, citing an inability to control attendees’ behavior.
https://www.cbronline.com/news/derbycon-shut-down

The NSA will release its longstanding reverse-engineering tool for free later this year at the RSA conference.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/nsa-to-release-a-free-reverse-engineering-tool/

After months of barbs, Kaspersky Labs reportedly assisted the U.S. government in tracking down a notorious NSA hacker.
https://www.politico.com/story/2019/01/09/russia-kaspersky-lab-nsa-cybersecurity-1089131

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 10 – 17, 2019
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 709a7dd743ca6a688ee0afc9a67a04c73c4f6fb6559cde2bafadbb5af58f043b
MD5: 59a06d7e48fd3d80fa2dc1cb859b45cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: helperamc
Claimed Product: Advanced Mac Cleaner
Detection Name: OSX.709A7DD743.agent.tht.Talos

SHA 256: 15ffbb8d382cd2ff7b0bd4c87a7c0bffd1541c2fe86865af445123bc0b770d13
MD5: c24315b0585b852110977dacafe6c8c1
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: puls.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.DoublePulsar:Malwaregen.21ip.1201

SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b
MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc.vir
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.21ij.1201

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: Tempmf582901854.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

SHA 256: 18042540b39d543e9e648e5d0b059d2e8c74889bb9353674be59c94da265f393
MD5: 1a5a7532854ab45ac74b1c657fe47941
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: helperamc.zip
Claimed Product: Advanced Mac Cleaner
Detection Name: W32.18042540B3-95.SBX.TG

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 19, Num. 02

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
January 10, 2019 – Vol. 19, Num. 02
=========================================================
CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 3 – 8, 2019
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Microsoft discloses 49 vulnerabilities as part of Patch Tuesday
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Microsoft patches dozens of bugs in monthly security update
Description: Microsoft released its monthly security update today, disclosing a variety of vulnerabilities in several of its products. The latest Patch Tuesday covers 49 vulnerabilities, seven of which are rated critical, 40 that are considered important and one that is moderate. This release also includes a critical security advisory for multiple bugs in Adobe Flash Player. This months security update covers security issues in a variety of Microsofts products, including the Jet Database Engine, Office SharePoint and the Chakra Scripting Engine.
Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/01/microsoft-patch-tuesday-january-2019.html
Snort SIDs: 48768 – 48770, 48773 – 48780, 48783, 48787 – 48790, 48793 – 48795, 48798, 48807 – 48810, 48876

Title: Multiple Apple IntelHD5000 privilege escalation vulnerabilities
Description: A memory corruption vulnerability exists in the IntelHD5000 kernel extension affects Apple OSX 10.13.4. The Intel GPUs are installed on retina MacBook Pros. A library inserted into the VLC media application can cause an out-of-bounds access inside of the KEXT, leading to a use after free and invalid memory access in the context of the kernel, which an attacker could use to elevate their privileges.
Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/01/vulnerability-spotlight-multiple-apple.html
Snort SIDs: 46858, 46859

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Roughly 5 million unencrypted passport numbers were taken in the Marriott Starwood data breach last year, though fewer customers were affected than initially thought.
https://www.apnews.com/2e2f9aad21fc4fdd87b7852e5db2327f

Many Android apps are sending users data to Facebook, even if they don’t have an account with the social media site.
https://privacyinternational.org/appdata

The newly sworn-in U.S. House of Representatives introduced a bill that would improve election cybersecurity.
https://www.cyberscoop.com/house-democrat-bill-election-security-measures-2019-hr-1/

Hackers are stealing dormant Twitter accounts to spread pro-Islamic State messages.
https://techcrunch.com/2019/01/02/hackers-islamic-state-propaganda-twitter/

An attacker accessed Australia’s emergency alert system to send out phony notifications about severe weather events.
https://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2019/01/08/hacker-uses-aussie-early-warning-system-for-fake-message-campaign

A year after the Spectre and Meltdown exploits were discovered, a team at Intel is still working to fix problems on the company’s chips.
https://www.wired.com/story/intel-meltdown-spectre-storm/

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 3 – 8, 2019
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 6d36f92ee3f1a7be56e00118cebf62fc4f3f127e307f5a4e7f008793ca549671
MD5: b23f736c46d9fa238b02c9eb0cea37cf
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: CONFIGURETGN.EXE
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Auto:6d36f9.in03.Talos

SHA 256: 709a7dd743ca6a688ee0afc9a67a04c73c4f6fb6559cde2bafadbb5af58f043b
MD5: 59a06d7e48fd3d80fa2dc1cb859b45cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: helperamc
Claimed Product: Advanced Mac Cleaner
Detection Name: OSX.709A7DD743.agent.tht.Talos

SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b
MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc.vir
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.21ij.1201

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: Tempmf582901854.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3
MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: qmreportupload.exe
Claimed Product: qmreportupload
Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos