Latest news from Naked Security (2020/01/31)

Serious Security – How ‘special case’ code blew a hole in OpenSMTPD

Patch now before you receive a message that’s more than just bad news!

UN hacked via unpatched SharePoint server

UN staffers: the “entire domain” was probably compromised by an attacker who was lurking on the UN’s networks.

US Interior Dept extends drone grounding over foreign hacking fears

The DOI has doubled down on a previous order, keeping the agency’s drones grounded for another 30 days for a more in-depth security review.

Financial tech firms disagree on ban of customer data screen-scraping

They use it to offer things like budgeting apps. It puts passwords and privacy at risk, but some say they can’t afford to build APIs instead.

Facebook to pay $550m to settle face-tagging suit

A class-action lawsuit against Facebook for the use of its tag suggestions feature looks like it’s finally done churning through the courts.

Latest news from Naked Security (2020/01/30)

S2 Ep24: Tinder, angry customers and weleakinfo takedown – Naked Security Podcast

New episode available now.

Trello exposed! Search turns up huge trove of private data

A surprising number of users seem to be setting Trello boards, and their often highly sensitive content, to ‘public’.

Facebook knows a lot about your online habits – here’s how to stop it

Facebook’s new Off-Facebook Activity feature is part of the company’s effort to appear more privacy-friendly to its users.

Employers can’t force you to get microchipped, Indiana reps say

The US state wants to make sure employers don’t “overstep their bounds” by imposing mandatory employee microchipping.

Government spyware company spied on hundreds of innocent people

eSurv execs have been charged with fraud, unauthorized access to a computer system, illicit interception and illicit data processing.

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 20, Num. 05

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
January 30, 2020 – Vol. 20, Num. 05

CONTENTS:
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 23 – 30, 2020
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Cisco discloses high-severity vulnerability in Firepower console
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Cisco urging users to update Firepower Management Center immediately to fix severe bug
Description: Cisco disclosed a high-severity vulnerability in its Firepower Management Center last week that could allow an attacker to bypass the usual authentication steps. The vulnerability — which was assigned a 9.8 severity score out of 10 — exists in the way Firepower handles LDAP authentication responses from an external authentication server. An attacker could exploit this flaw by sending a specially crafted HTTP request to the device. Users are also encouraged to turn off LDAP configuration on their devices. Cisco also disclosed seven high-severity flaws and 19 medium-severity security issues in some of its other products, including Smart Software Manager.
Reference: https://www.zdnet.com/article/cisco-patch-this-critical-firewall-bug-in-firepower-management-center/
Snort SIDs: 52627 – 52632, 52641 – 52646

Title: Exploitation of Citrix vulnerability spikes after POC released, patches followed
Description: Citrix rushed out a patch for its Application Delivery Controller (ADC) and Citrix Gateway products after proof of concept code leaked for a major vulnerability. The company first disclosed CVE-2019-19781 in December, saying a patch was forthcoming. But security researchers have noticed an uptick in exploitation attacks, forcing Citrix to move up its timeline.
Reference: https://threatpost.com/citrix-patch-rollout-critical-rce-flaw/152041/
Snort SIDs: 52620

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

After coming under fire in a high-profile New York Times article, facial recognition company Clearview says it helped law enforcement track down and arrest a terror suspect, though those claims are impossible to verify.
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/ryanmac/clearview-ai-nypd-facial-recognition

Facebook blamed Apple for the hack of Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos’ iPhone, saying that its WhatsApp software encrypts its messages, thus they couldn’t have been stolen.
https://www.inc.com/jason-aten/facebook-says-apple-is-to-blame-for-hacking-of-jeff-bezos-phone.html

While facial recognition in schools may make students, parents and teachers feel safer, there is little evidence to suggest it will actually prevent or deter school shootings.
https://www.cnet.com/features/facial-recognition-in-schools-even-supporters-say-it-wont-stop-shootings/

Mac users are still falling victim to fake Adobe Flash Player updates that deliver malware, despite security researchers acknowledging it’s easy to spot and uses outdated TTPs.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2020/01/mac-users-are-getting-bombarded-by-laughably-unsophisticated-malware/

Hacking group OurMine appeared to take over 15 NFL teams’ Twitter accounts Monday, using the platform to post a message saying that “everything is hackable.”
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-01-27/nfl-teams-twitter-accounts-get-hacked-just-ahead-of-super-bowl

Virtual meeting software Zoom patched a vulnerability that could allow any user to access private meetings.
https://threatpost.com/zoom-fixed-flaw-opening-meetings-to-hackers/152266/

Several recent cyber attacks targeted at governments in Europe and the Middle East are believed to be the work of hacking groups with ties to the Turkish government.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-cyber-attack-hijack-exclusive/exclusive-hackers-acting-in-turkeys-interests-believed-to-be-behind-recent-cyberattacks-sources-idUSKBN1ZQ10X

The top election officials from all 50 states will convene for a meeting in Washington, D.C. this week to discuss threats to the 2020 presidential election.
https://www.npr.org/2020/01/27/799284035/election-officials-to-convene-amid-historic-focus-on-voting-and-interference

Police in Tokyo, Japan are running cybersecurity exercises to prepare for potential cyber attacks during the Summer Olympics, with thousands of Japanese workers expected to work remotely during the games to avoid traffic.
https://www.nippon.com/en/news/yjj2020012700767/tokyo-police-start-drills-against-cyberattacks-targeting-teleworking.html

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 23 – 30, 2020
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5
MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: eternalblue-2.2.0.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.85B936960F.5A5226262.auto.Talos

SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3
MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: qmreportupload.exe
Claimed Product: qmreportupload
Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos

SHA 256: c0cdd2a671195915d9ffb5c9533337db935e0cc2f4d7563864ea75c21ead3f94
MD5: 7c38a43d2ed9af80932749f6e80fea6f
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: xme64-520.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.Coinminer::1201

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

SHA 256: d91abcd024d4172fadc5aa82750a18796a549207b76f624b8a9d165459379258
MD5: a917d39a8ef125300f2f38ff1d1ab0db
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: FFChromeSetters
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: PUA.Osx.Adware.Macsearch::agent.tht.talos