@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 20, Num. 05

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
January 30, 2020 – Vol. 20, Num. 05

CONTENTS:
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 23 – 30, 2020
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Cisco discloses high-severity vulnerability in Firepower console
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Cisco urging users to update Firepower Management Center immediately to fix severe bug
Description: Cisco disclosed a high-severity vulnerability in its Firepower Management Center last week that could allow an attacker to bypass the usual authentication steps. The vulnerability — which was assigned a 9.8 severity score out of 10 — exists in the way Firepower handles LDAP authentication responses from an external authentication server. An attacker could exploit this flaw by sending a specially crafted HTTP request to the device. Users are also encouraged to turn off LDAP configuration on their devices. Cisco also disclosed seven high-severity flaws and 19 medium-severity security issues in some of its other products, including Smart Software Manager.
Reference: https://www.zdnet.com/article/cisco-patch-this-critical-firewall-bug-in-firepower-management-center/
Snort SIDs: 52627 – 52632, 52641 – 52646

Title: Exploitation of Citrix vulnerability spikes after POC released, patches followed
Description: Citrix rushed out a patch for its Application Delivery Controller (ADC) and Citrix Gateway products after proof of concept code leaked for a major vulnerability. The company first disclosed CVE-2019-19781 in December, saying a patch was forthcoming. But security researchers have noticed an uptick in exploitation attacks, forcing Citrix to move up its timeline.
Reference: https://threatpost.com/citrix-patch-rollout-critical-rce-flaw/152041/
Snort SIDs: 52620

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

After coming under fire in a high-profile New York Times article, facial recognition company Clearview says it helped law enforcement track down and arrest a terror suspect, though those claims are impossible to verify.
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/ryanmac/clearview-ai-nypd-facial-recognition

Facebook blamed Apple for the hack of Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos’ iPhone, saying that its WhatsApp software encrypts its messages, thus they couldn’t have been stolen.
https://www.inc.com/jason-aten/facebook-says-apple-is-to-blame-for-hacking-of-jeff-bezos-phone.html

While facial recognition in schools may make students, parents and teachers feel safer, there is little evidence to suggest it will actually prevent or deter school shootings.
https://www.cnet.com/features/facial-recognition-in-schools-even-supporters-say-it-wont-stop-shootings/

Mac users are still falling victim to fake Adobe Flash Player updates that deliver malware, despite security researchers acknowledging it’s easy to spot and uses outdated TTPs.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2020/01/mac-users-are-getting-bombarded-by-laughably-unsophisticated-malware/

Hacking group OurMine appeared to take over 15 NFL teams’ Twitter accounts Monday, using the platform to post a message saying that “everything is hackable.”
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-01-27/nfl-teams-twitter-accounts-get-hacked-just-ahead-of-super-bowl

Virtual meeting software Zoom patched a vulnerability that could allow any user to access private meetings.
https://threatpost.com/zoom-fixed-flaw-opening-meetings-to-hackers/152266/

Several recent cyber attacks targeted at governments in Europe and the Middle East are believed to be the work of hacking groups with ties to the Turkish government.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-cyber-attack-hijack-exclusive/exclusive-hackers-acting-in-turkeys-interests-believed-to-be-behind-recent-cyberattacks-sources-idUSKBN1ZQ10X

The top election officials from all 50 states will convene for a meeting in Washington, D.C. this week to discuss threats to the 2020 presidential election.
https://www.npr.org/2020/01/27/799284035/election-officials-to-convene-amid-historic-focus-on-voting-and-interference

Police in Tokyo, Japan are running cybersecurity exercises to prepare for potential cyber attacks during the Summer Olympics, with thousands of Japanese workers expected to work remotely during the games to avoid traffic.
https://www.nippon.com/en/news/yjj2020012700767/tokyo-police-start-drills-against-cyberattacks-targeting-teleworking.html

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 23 – 30, 2020
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5
MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: eternalblue-2.2.0.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.85B936960F.5A5226262.auto.Talos

SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3
MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: qmreportupload.exe
Claimed Product: qmreportupload
Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos

SHA 256: c0cdd2a671195915d9ffb5c9533337db935e0cc2f4d7563864ea75c21ead3f94
MD5: 7c38a43d2ed9af80932749f6e80fea6f
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: xme64-520.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.Coinminer::1201

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

SHA 256: d91abcd024d4172fadc5aa82750a18796a549207b76f624b8a9d165459379258
MD5: a917d39a8ef125300f2f38ff1d1ab0db
VirusTotal: virus analysis
Typical Filename: FFChromeSetters
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: PUA.Osx.Adware.Macsearch::agent.tht.talos

Latest news from Naked Security (2020/01/23)

Looking for silver linings in the CVE-2020-0601 crypto vulnerability

Is there some good news hidden in the story of the CVE-2020-0601 crypto vulnerability?

UN report alleges that Saudi crown prince hacked Jeff Bezos’s phone

Digital forensic evidence points to the phone’s massive, months-long data egress having likely been triggered by Pegasus mobile spyware.

Apple allegedly made nice with FBI by dropping iCloud encryption plan

Sources told Reuters that Apple may have been convinced by arguments made during the legal fight over cracking the San Bernardino iPhone.

Sonos’s tone-deaf legacy product policy angers customers

Stopping software updates for legacy kit is nothing new, but it’s the way the company has done it that has Sonos customers’ hackles up.

FBI issues warning about lucrative fake job scams

What’s the difference between a real job and a fake one found on the internet? The fake ones are suspiciously easy to get interviews for.

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 20, Num. 04

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
January 23, 2020 – Vol. 20, Num. 04

CONTENTS:
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 16 – 23, 2020
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Microsoft Patch Tuesday includes update to crucial cryptography features
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Microsoft cryptography vulnerability lingers after Patch Tuesday
Description: The U.S. National Security Agency released a warning late last week, urging users to update their Microsoft products as soon as possible to fix a vulnerability in its cryptographic certificate-signing function. Attackers could use this bug to sign a program, and make it appear as if it is from a trusted source, without the user ever knowing about the adversary’s actions. A security researcher was even able to create a proof of concept “Rick Rolling” the NSA’s website to display a popular internet meme. The NSA’s statement says that it believes “the vulnerability to be severe and that sophisticated cyber actors will understand the underlying flaw very quickly and, if exploited, would render the previously mentioned platforms as fundamentally vulnerable.”
Reference: https://securityboulevard.com/2020/01/nsa-microsoft-releases-patch-to-fix-latest-windows-10-vulnerability/
Snort SIDs: 52617 – 52619

Title: Emotet continues to grow, spike in spam to start off 2020
Description: Emotet continues to infect individuals and organizations all over the world, but Cisco Talos recently discovered a new relationship between Emotet and the .mil (U.S. military) and .gov (U.S./state government) top-level domains (TLDs). When Emotet emerged from its summer vacation back in mid-September 2019, relatively few outbound emails were seen directed at the .mil and .gov TLDs. But sometime in the past few months, Emotet was able to successfully compromise one or more persons working for or with the U.S. government. As a result of this, Talos saw a rapid increase in the number of infectious Emotet messages directed at the .mil and .gov TLDs in December 2019.
Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2020/01/stolen-emails-reflect-emotets-organic.html
Snort SIDs: 51967-51971, 52029, additional coverage pending

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

A group of American lawmakers is asking the Federal Trade Commission to look into a financial data company that they say is selling individuals’ personal information to third parties without clearly informing them first.
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/939bja/lawmakers-say-financial-giant-envestnet-has-been-selling-user-data-without-telling-them

Little-known facial recognition startup Clearview AI has already partnered with law enforcement agencies across the globe to provide them access to more than 3 billion photos, which security experts warn could lead to weaponization.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/18/technology/clearview-privacy-facial-recognition.html

Equifax settled a class-action lawsuit over a massive data breach in 2017 for $380.5 million.
https://threatpost.com/equifax-settles-class-action-lawsuit/151873/

The FBI seized the domain for WeLeakInfo, a website purporting to sell thousands of stolen credentials, while international police arrested two men in Europe connected to the site.
https://www.npr.org/2020/01/17/797282149/fbi-seizes-website-suspected-of-selling-access-to-billions-of-pieces-of-stolen-d

Citrix released a patch for a critical vulnerability in its VPN services on Jan. 19, just as security researchers discovered attackers exploiting the bug in the wild.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2020/01/as-attacks-begin-citrix-ships-patch-for-vpn-vulnerability/

A new survey from NPR and PBS found that Americans are most worried about the spread of misinformation during the 2020 presidential election, ranking ahead of foreign interference.
https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/social-media-disinformation-leads-election-security-concerns-poll-finds

Identical bills introduced in the House and Senate would require the federal government to appoint cybersecurity leaders of each state in the U.S., with the hopes of increasing information sharing and reducing incident response times.
https://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/news/us-state-cybersecurity-leader-act/

A new variant of the FTCODE ransomware includes the ability to steal users’ passwords to their web browser login and email.
https://www.zscaler.com/blogs/research/ftcode-ransomware–new-version-includes-stealing-capabilities

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES January 16 – 23, 2020
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5
MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: eternalblue-2.2.0.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.85B936960F.5A5226262.auto.Talos

SHA 256: 1c3ed460a7f78a43bab0ae575056d00c629f35cf7e72443b4e874ede0f305871
MD5: c2406fc0fce67ae79e625013325e2a68
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: SegurazoIC.exe
Claimed Product: Digital Communications Inc.
Detection Name: PUA.Win.Adware.Ursu::95.sbx.tg

SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3
MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: qmreportupload.exe
Claimed Product: qmreportupload
Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos

SHA 256: c0cdd2a671195915d9ffb5c9533337db935e0cc2f4d7563864ea75c21ead3f94
MD5: 7c38a43d2ed9af80932749f6e80fea6f
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: xme64-520.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.Coinminer::1201

SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b
MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: mf2016341595.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.22fz.1201