@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 18, Num. 51

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
December 20, 2018 – Vol. 18, Num. 51
=========================================================
CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES December 13 – 20, 2018
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: WordPress patches severe security vulnerabilities in latest update
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: WordPress 5.0.1 fixes several security bugs
Description: WordPress released its latest update, which fixes a number of security vulnerabilities that are considered serious. The most serious flaw allowed the content management system’s “user activation screen” to be indexed by Google, which could lead to some users’ login information to become publicly visible. WordPress also warned users about unauthorized file deletion bug and unauthorized post creation bugs.
Reference: https://threatpost.com/wordpress-5-0-patched-to-fix-serious-bugs/139948/
Snort SIDs: 48573

Title: Adobe discloses 86 vulnerabilities in Reader, Acrobat
Description: Coverage continues to come in for the slew of bugs that Adobe patched in its monthly security update. The latest release covers 86 vulnerabilities in Adobe Reader and Acrobat DC. The bugs include two buffer overflow errors, five out-of-bounds write vulnerabilities and 23 use-after-free vulnerabilities, among others.
Reference: https://latesthackingnews.com/2018/12/15/adobe-december-patch-tuesday-fixed-38-critical-vulnerabilities-in-adobe-reader-and-acrobat-dc/
Snort SIDs: 48622 – 48630, 48636, 48637

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Smartphone apps are collecting more users’ location data than they let on, and often sell that information to advertisers and even hedge funds.
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/12/10/business/location-data-privacy-apps.html

Facebook disclosed a bug that allowed app developers to view users’ photos that they uploaded to Facebook but never shared on their timeline.
https://techcrunch.com/2018/12/14/facebook-photo-bug/

Credit reporting agency Experian mistakenly exposed customer data in its training manuals, documents that have since been taken down.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/zmdg7e/experian-exposes-customer-data-training-manuals-credit-score

Attackers from the Iranian APT group Charming Kitten attempted to break into the emails of several high-profile U.S. Treasury Department officials, as well as individuals in charge of enforcing nuclear sanctions on Iran.
https://apnews.com/7f4d814ebf0642b4b381fd9ce01345f7

Android’s facial recognition technology on its smartphones can be tricked by a 3-D printed head.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2018/12/13/we-broke-into-a-bunch-of-android-phones-with-a-3d-printed-head/#12d7fe361330

Former U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry confirmed that Russia was behind a cyberattack on the State Department in 2014.
https://www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storyId=644830886

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES December 13 – 20, 2018
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3
MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: qmreportupload
Claimed Product: qmreportupload
Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos

SHA 256: fc62d76945faed86fc11454c8ae1ecc3e8cbb449b8466c7f5aaa9bf45af9730c
MD5: 1f4ab214b36d80c07898cf1a9efe7d6e
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: MSVSBP20.DLL
Claimed Product: Microsoft® Win
Detection Name: W32.FC62D76945-100.SBX.TG

SHA 256: 709a7dd743ca6a688ee0afc9a67a04c73c4f6fb6559cde2bafadbb5af58f043b
MD5: 59a06d7e48fd3d80fa2dc1cb859b45cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: helperamc
Claimed Product: Advanced Mac Cleaner
Detection Name: OSX.709A7DD743.agent.tht.Talos

SHA 256: e856c759e2dd2e637aaebbfc0eeea4a7f8e7c7a02967b4db2e88dc8914b5b296
MD5: c76517dc654e6852eae9f2f42a630470
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: maftask.zip
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: OSX.E856C759E2.agent.tht.Talos

SHA 256: e5f1609df4f67e0e23f3b3409f265722692e5e15a6349bf1157d36b79c5acf9d
MD5: c9636e35954360b7b1375ee615ba6c24
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: 3dfx32v2.dll
Claimed Product: Voodoo2® DirectX for Windows® 95
Detection Name: W32.Auto:e5f160.in03.Talos

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 18, Num. 50

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
December 13, 2018 – Vol. 18, Num. 50
=========================================================
CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES December 6 – 13, 2018
=========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Microsoft patches 38 vulnerabilities
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Microsoft discloses 38 bugs as part of Patch Tuesday
Description: Microsoft released its monthly security update, disclosing a variety of vulnerabilities in several of its products. This month’s security update covers 38 vulnerabilities, nine of which are rated critical and 29 that are considered important. The advisories cover bugs in the Chakra scripting engine, several Microsoft Office products and the Microsoft Internet Explorer web browser.
Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2018/12/microsoft-patch-tuesday-december-2018.html
Snort SIDs: 45142, 45143, 48509, 48510, 48513 – 48520, 48531 – 48534, 48559, 48562

Title: Adobe fixes security flaws in Acrobat, Reader
Description: Adobe released security updates for Adobe Acrobat and Reader on Windows and MacOS. In all, the company released patches covering 88 vulnerabilities. There are two critical bugs that an attacker could exploit in order to execute code in the context of the current user.
Reference: https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/acrobat/apsb18-41.html
Snort SIDs: 48293, 48294

Title: New spam campaign delivers CARROTBAT to South Korea
Description: Researchers discovered a new dropper known as CARROTBAT that’s being spread in South Korea through spam emails. The dropper can deliver additional decoy documents and secondary payloads, such as remote access trojans, to its victims. The malware allows attackers to drop and open an embedded document in one of 11 different file formats.
Reference: https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2018/11/unit42-the-fractured-block-campaign-carrotbat-malware-used-to-deliver-malware-targeting-southeast-asia/
Snort SIDs: 48475, 48476, 48479, 48480

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Researchers at ESET discovered an Android trojan that can steal money from users’ PayPal accounts even if they have two-factor authentication enabled.
https://www.welivesecurity.com/2018/12/11/android-trojan-steals-money-paypal-accounts-2fa/

Google is speeding up the shutdown of its Google+ social media platform after it discovered a bug that revealed users’ private information to software developers.
https://www.cnn.com/2018/12/10/tech/google-plus-bug/index.html

It is easier than users realize for attackers to steal and read their messages on encrypted messaging applications.
https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2018/12/secureim.html

The MuddyWater group has resurfaced, this time using a new variant of the Powermud backdoor, which has been linked to a public GitHub repository.
https://www.symantec.com/blogs/threat-intelligence/seedworm-espionage-group

A new Congressional report states that the massive data breach at credit reporting agency Equifax was entirely preventable.
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/equifax-breach-was-entirely-preventable-congressional-report-says-2018-12-10

A self-funded study from Super Micro did not uncover any secret microchips that could be used to spy on hardware, an accusation that originates from a massive Bloomberg report earlier this year.
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/12/11/supermicro-investigator-found-no-evidence-of-chinese-spy-chips.html

Mozilla released Firefox 64, which includes fixes for several critical memory safety bugs.
https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2018-29/

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES December 6 – 13, 2018
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5
MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: blue.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.GenericKD:WNCryLdrA.21lx.1201

SHA 256: 15ffbb8d382cd2ff7b0bd4c87a7c0bffd1541c2fe86865af445123bc0b770d13
MD5: c24315b0585b852110977dacafe6c8c1
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: star.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.DoublePulsar:Malwaregen.21ip.1201

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: Tempmf582901854.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201

SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b
MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc.vir
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.21ij.1201

SHA 256: 18042540b39d543e9e648e5d0b059d2e8c74889bb9353674be59c94da265f393
MD5: 1a5a7532854ab45ac74b1c657fe47941
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: helperamc.zip
Claimed Product: Advanced Mac Cleaner
Detection Name: W32.18042540B3-95.SBX.TG

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert: Vol. 18, Num. 14

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
April 5, 2018 – Vol. 18, Num. 14
=========================================================
CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2018-03-27 – 2018-04-03 =========================================================
TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Drupal Core Remote Code Execution
=========================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Drupal Core Remote Code Execution
Description: A remote code execution vulnerability exists within multiple subsystems of Drupal 7.x and 8.x. This potentially allows attackers to exploit multiple attack vectors on a Drupal site, which could result in the site being completely compromised.
Reference: https://groups.drupal.org/security/faq-2018-002
Snort SID: Detection pending

Title: Cisco Released Semiannual IOS Security Bulletins for Routers and Switches
Description: Three critical vulnerabilities were patched by Cisco Systems on Wednesday, each tied to Cisco IOS XE. There are two remote code execution vulnerabilities that could allow an attacker to take control over affected systems, the other is an undocumented user account login. Other vulnerabilities affecting Cisco IOS were also disclose in the semiannual security advisory release.
Reference: https://blogs.cisco.com/security/cisco-ios-ios-xe-bundled-publication-march-2018
Snort SID: 41725, 46095-46097, 46101, 46104-46105, 46111, 46119-46120, 46125-46128

Title: Google Released Monthly Security Bulletin for Android
Description: The Pixel / Nexus Security Bulletin contains details of security vulnerabilities and functional improvements affecting supported Google Pixel and Nexus devices. For Google devices, security patch levels of 2018-04-05 or later address all issues in this bulletin and all issues in the April 2018 Android Security Bulletin.
Reference: https://source.android.com/security/bulletin/pixel/2018-04-01
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Google Banning Extensions That Mine Cryptocurrency
https://blog.chromium.org/2018/04/protecting-users-from-extension-cryptojacking.html

Fauxpersky: Credstealer Malware Written In AutoHotKey Masquerades as Kaspersky AV
https://www.cybereason.com/blog/fauxpersky-credstealer-malware-autohotkey-kaspersky-antivirus

Panerabread.com Leaks Millions of Customer Records
https://krebsonsecurity.com/2018/04/panerabread-com-leaks-millions-of-customer-records/

Cloudflare Introduces DNS Resolver, 1.1.1.1 a More Secure and Privacy-centric Public DNS Resolver
https://blog.cloudflare.com/announcing-1111/

RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2018-4878
Title: Adobe Flash Player Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA18-01)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: A critical vulnerability exists in Adobe Flash Player 28.0.0.137 and earlier versions. Successful exploitation could potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system. Adobe is aware of a report that an exploit for CVE-2018-4878 exists in the wild and is being used in targeted attacks.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-10271
Title: Oracle WebLogic WLS Security Component Remote Code Execution
Vendor: Oracle
Description: Vulnerability in the Oracle WebLogic Server component of Oracle Fusion Middleware (subcomponent: WLS Security). Supported versions that are affected are 10.3.6.0.0, 12.1.3.0.0, 12.2.1.1.0 and 12.2.1.2.0. Easily exploitable vulnerability allows unauthenticated attacker with network access via HTTP to compromise Oracle WebLogic Server. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in takeover of Oracle WebLogic Server.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P)

ID: CVE-2017-17562
Title: EmbedThis GoAhead Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: EmbedThis GoAhead
Description: Embedthis GoAhead before 3.6.5 allows remote code execution if CGI is enabled and a CGI program is dynamically linked. This is a result of initializing the environment of forked CGI scripts using untrusted HTTP request parameters in the cgiHandler function in cgi.c. When combined with the glibc dynamic linker, this behaviour can be abused for remote code execution using special parameter names such as LD_PRELOAD. An attacker can POST their shared object payload in the body of the request, and reference it using /proc/self/fd/0.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-8759
Title: Microsoft .NET Framework Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework processes untrusted input. Microsoft is aware of a report that an exploit for CVE-2017-8759 exists in the wild and is being used in targeted attacks.
Microsoft published a .NET security update to address this issue.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-9805
Title: Apache Struts REST plugin Remote Code Execution (S2-052)
Vendor: Apache Struts
Description: The REST Plugin is using a XStreamHandler with an instance of XStream for deserialization without any type filtering and this can lead to Remote Code Execution when deserializing XML payloads.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-0145
Title: Microsoft Windows SMB Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: The SMBv1 server in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2; Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1; Windows 7 SP1; Windows 8.1; Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2; Windows RT 8.1; and Windows 10 Gold, 1511, and 1607; and Windows Server 2016 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted packets, aka “Windows SMB Remote Code Execution Vulnerability.” This vulnerability is different from those described in CVE-2017-0143, CVE-2017-0144, CVE-2017-0146, and CVE-2017-0148.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-3881
Title: Cisco IOS and IOS XE Software Cluster Management Protocol Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: A vulnerability in the Cisco Cluster Management Protocol (CMP) processing code in Cisco IOS and Cisco IOS XE Software could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a reload of an affected device or remotely execute code with elevated privileges. The Cluster Management Protocol utilizes Telnet internally as a signaling and command protocol between cluster members. The vulnerability is due to the combination of two factors: (1) the failure to restrict the use of CMP-specific Telnet options only to internal, local communications between cluster members and instead accept and process such options over any Telnet connection to an affected device; and (2) the incorrect processing of malformed CMP-specific Telnet options. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending malformed CMP-specific Telnet options while establishing a Telnet session with an affected Cisco device configured to accept Telnet connections. An exploit could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code and obtain full control of the device or cause a reload of the affected device. This affects Catalyst switches, Embedded Service 2020 switches, Enhanced Layer 2 EtherSwitch Service Module, Enhanced Layer 2/3 EtherSwitch Service Module, Gigabit Ethernet Switch Module (CGESM) for HP, IE Industrial Ethernet switches, ME 4924-10GE switch, RF Gateway 10, and SM-X Layer 2/3 EtherSwitch Service Module. Cisco Bug IDs: CSCvd48893.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-5638
Title: Apache Struts2 Input Validation Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Apache
Description: The Jakarta Multipart parser in Apache Struts 2 2.3.x before 2.3.32 and 2.5.x before 2.5.10.1 mishandles file upload, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a #cmd= string in a crafted Content-Type HTTP header, as exploited in the wild in March 2017.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2018-03-27 – 2018-04-03
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: bb5ca947a9ed44d46e2845bdc3eac1bd368577aa40a8dcd1fae29b8da5b0253e
MD5: 9ff32613fc850c9937257665ec051e69
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: helperamc.zip
Claimed Product: Advance Mac Cleaner
Detection Name: W32.Auto:bb5ca9.in03.Talos

SHA 256: 02b754bc5dcb2a6d2268240c3d875095863b104067378e734e369df5bf5d32b0
MD5: c322da69e9b5fa35b0df0080ab25ac4f
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: DOC1851416127.doc
Claimed Product: Microsoft Word Document
Detection Name: W32.02B754BC5D-100.SBX.TG

SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b
MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: mf2016341595.exe
Claimed Product: (none)
Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.21cp.1201

SHA 256: 9d48f382ec11bd9b35488a2c2b878e5401c2be43f00bcbae30d1619e6e2bf0c1
MD5: dd46d0260a6cdf5625d468398bae1f60
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: Win32 DLL
Claimed Product: Win32 DLL
Detection Name: Generic3_c:Artemis-tpd

SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: scan analysis
Typical Filename: Tempmf582901854.exe
Claimed Product: (none)
Detection Name: W32.C3E530CC00-95.SBX.TG